Recommended procedures to handle Anthrax and other biological agent threats
Many facilities in communities around the country have received anthrax threat letters or have found unknown, unidentified foreign substances in unlikely locations. Most letters were empty envelopes; some have contained powdery substances. The purpose of these guidelines is to recommend procedures for handling such incidents, however they may occur.
DO NOT PANIC
- Anthrax organisms can cause infection in the skin, gastrointestinal system, or the lungs.
- To do, so the organism must be rubbed into abraded skin, swallowed, or inhaled as a fine, aerosolized mist.
- Disease can be prevented after exposure to the anthrax spores by early treatment with the appropriate antibiotics.
- Anthrax is not spread from one person to another person.
- For anthrax to be effective as a covert agent, it must be aerosolized into very small particles.
- This is difficult to do, and requires a great deal of technical skill and special equipment.
- If these small particles are inhaled, life-threatening lung infection can occur, but prompt recognition and treatment are effective.
How to treat a suspicious Unopened letter or package marked with threatening message such as Anthrax
Envelope with powder and powder spills out onto surface or suspicious foreign powdery or granular substance found in an unlikely location:
Question of room contamination by aerosolization:
For example: small device triggered, warning that air handling system is contaminated, or warning that a biological agent released in a public space.
- Turn off local fans or ventilation units in the area.
- LEAVE area immediately.
- CLOSE the door, or section off the area to prevent others from entering (i.e., keep others away).
- What to do next If you are at HOME, then dial 911 to report the incident to local police and the local FBI field office.
- If you are at WORK, then dial 911 to report the incident to local police and the local FBI field office, and notify JCTC Campus Safety and an available supervisor.
- SHUT down air handling system in the building, if possible.
- If possible, list all people who were in the room or area.
- Give this list to both the local public health authorities so that proper instructions can be given for medical follow-up, and to law enforcement officials for further investigation.
How to identify suspicious packages and letters:
Some characteristics of suspicious packages and letters include the following
- Excessive postage
- Handwritten or poorly typed addresses
- Incorrect titles
- Title, but no name
- Misspellings of common words
- Oily stains, discolorations or odor
- No return address
- Excessive weight
- Lopsided or uneven envelope
- Protruding wires or aluminum foil
- Excessive security material such as masking tape, string, etc.
- Visual distractions
- Ticking sound
- Marked with restrictive endorsements, such as Personal or Confidential
- Shows a city or state in the postmark that does not match the return address